CONSTRUCTION OF RESIDENTIAL COMPLEXES

A modern residential complex is a full-fledged "city within a city", a self-sufficient urban space, where there is everything you need for a full and comfortable life, and within walking distance. The complex consists of several apartment buildings of different storeys with their own infrastructure - shops, parking, fast-food and service enterprises, educational, medical, preschool institutions, a landscaped adjoining territory with children's and sports grounds.

WHAT ARE THE FEATURES OF MODERN RESIDENTIAL COMPLEXES?

In contrast to infill development (construction of one apartment building), during the construction of a complex of residential buildings, the developer faces a number of tasks to ensure comfortable living conditions.

The main differences between residential complexes:

  • Landscaped adjoining territory, where playgrounds and sports grounds are located, benches, pedestrian paths, roads for vehicles are equipped, landscaping is carried out;

  • Free layout of apartments. The buyer can independently organize the interior space of the apartment, taking into account his needs;

  • Ground (underground) parking;

  • Availability of social infrastructure;

  • High level of security. The complex is located in a fenced area with access control, equipped with video surveillance, fire alarm and fire extinguishing systems;

  • Design developments in the design of entrance lobbies and public areas.

Residential complexes, depending on the technology of construction of residential buildings, the range and quality of building materials used, architectural features, services provided and the nuances of the improvement of the local area are divided into several classes:

  • economy;

  • comfort;

  • business;

  • elites.

REQUIREMENTS FOR AN ORGANIZATION IN CREATING A RESIDENTIAL COMPLEX PROJECT

The creation of a project for a residential complex is a complex labor-intensive process that requires careful study of all the details, therefore, design organizations must meet the following requirements:

  • Availability of a staff of qualified specialists with specialized education and work experience in this field;

  • The company must have a license to carry out design work in accordance with the Urban Planning Code of the Russian Federation. With large volumes of construction, several design organizations may be involved;

  • The company's specialists must know the latest technologies for the construction of residential complexes, apply modern architectural and planning solutions, in accordance with the needs of users.

At the design stage, the specialists of the company "Limakmarashstroy" with the help of BIM technologies create a volumetric-spatial information model of the residential complex. This technology allows you to choose the most optimal technical solutions from a variety of options, make all calculations with extreme accuracy, control all stages of design and construction, and, as a result, get an object that is fully consistent with the project.

DESIGN STEPS

The creation of a project is an initial, but at the same time, a very important stage in the construction of a multifunctional residential complex, during which a huge amount of work is being carried out:

  1. Pre-project preparation. At this stage, engineering surveys are carried out, an economic feasibility study is developed, and a building permit is obtained;

  2. Development of project documentation for the facility. The project consists of three main sections - architectural, construction and engineering parts, where the architectural concept of the complex is developed, planning solutions, connection of engineering systems. The finished project must go through the obligatory stage of approvals, including the examination of the project. The final design stage is obtaining a building permit;

  3. Author's supervision. The general designer at all stages of construction work must monitor compliance with the requirements of the design documentation and, if necessary, make changes.

WHAT IS INCLUDED IN THE DESIGN DOCUMENTATION?

According to regulatory documents, project documentation should include the following sections:

  1. Explanatory note. This section provides detailed characteristics of the building plot and the residential complex, the volume of the need for fuel and energy resources, the feasibility study of construction, information on the stages of construction work, etc.

  2. The layout of the land plot. This section denotes the boundaries of the building plot, and also includes plans and layouts for the complex of buildings, piping of engineering networks, and landscaping of the adjacent territory.

  3. Architectural solutions. This section provides a description and justification of the decisions made on external and internal architecture, planning, decoration, as well as drawings of facades, floor plans and sections.

  4. Constructive and space-planning solutions. This part contains detailed information on the preliminary work carried out, natural and climatic conditions and the composition of the soil of the site. It also provides calculations, a description and justification for the use of certain design solutions, characteristics of floor structures, roofs, ceilings, partitions, measures to protect against destruction, noise and vibration, fire safety, energy saving.

  5. Information about engineering networks and equipment, technological solutions. This section contains information, description and diagrams of connection and floor wiring of engineering systems.

  6. Construction work organization project. The section includes a description of the site, a description of the development area, a list, procedure and terms of construction work, as well as detailed plans for the location of construction sites, quality control measures, etc.

  7. Demolition or dismantling project. The section provides a description and justification of the required dismantling works, as well as their sequence, waste disposal and safety precautions.

  8. Environmental protection measures. The section provides a set of measures to protect the ecology and the environment from the harmful effects of the facility under construction.

  9. Fire safety measures. The section provides detailed information on fire protection measures for buildings - equipping with fire extinguishing and fire alarm systems, installing fireproof walls and partitions, calculating the degree of fire resistance of the materials used, schemes of emergency exits, etc.

  10. Measures to ensure access for people with disabilities.

  11. The estimate for the construction of the facility. Design and estimate documentation includes a detailed description and justification of financial investments, as well as costing, calculating the cost of the entire object, with the provision of estimates for each type of work and materials used.

The construction of multifunctional residential complexes, including the construction of residential buildings together with urban infrastructure facilities, is a promising and extensive area of ​​activity in the construction industry. The demand for apartments in residential complexes is constantly growing, so this is a profitable investment of financial resources for developers.

The company "Limakmarashstroy" has many years of experience in the construction industry, as well as a highly professional team of specialists in the field of design and implementation of the entire spectrum of construction work. We have built many facilities for various purposes and levels of technical complexity in Moscow and the region, as well as throughout the Russian Federation. Responsible attitude at all stages, strict observance of contractual obligations, high quality of work performed are the main competitive advantages of our company.